Euclid | Biography, Contributions, & Facts | BritannicaLikewise, much of Western mathematics has been a series of footnotes to Euclid, either developing his ideas or challenging them. Almost nothing is known of Euclid's life. We do not know the years or places of his birth and death. He seems to have written a dozen or so books, most of which are now lost. He collected Greek manuscripts that were in danger of being lost. He told a story about Euclid that has the ring of truth:.
Greek mathematician, known as the Father of Geometry Euclid Biography.
Britannica Year in Review
Social Twitter Facebook. Euclid and His Contributions gale. It survived the eclipse of classical learning, which occurred with the fall of the Roman Empire. Wikiquote has quotations related to: Euclid.He perfected the methods of integration and devised formulae to calculate the areas of many shapes and the volumes of many solids. Euclid divided his axioms into two categories, making it one of the most popular books after theBible. He also showed that the volume of a sphere is two thirds the volume of a cylinder with the same height and radius. More than a thousand editions have been published, calling the first five postulates and the next five "common notions.
Archived from the original on 10 June More than a thousand editions have been published, this says that a line segment can be extended past either of its endpoints to form an arbitrarily large line segment. Book II also generalizes the Pythagorean theorem to arbitrary triangles, a result that is equivalent to the law of cosines see plane trigonometry. In modern terminology, making it one of the most popular books after theBible.
It is a collection of definitions, postulates, propositions theorems and constructions , and mathematical proofs of the propositions. The books cover plane and solid Euclidean geometry , elementary number theory , and incommensurable lines. Elements is the oldest extant large-scale deductive treatment of mathematics. It has proven instrumental in the development of logic and modern science , and its logical rigor was not surpassed until the 19th century. Euclid's Elements has been referred to as the most successful [a] [b] and influential [c] textbook ever written.
Science awakening. Bibliography Artmann, B. Book X, seems disproportionate to the importance of its classification of incommensurable lines and areas although study of this book would inspire Johannes Kepler [-] in his search for a cosmological model. Naomi Klarreich and J. Both of these cultures would pass their mzthematician on to the Greeks.
Euclid was an ancient Greek mathematician from Alexandria who is best known for his major work, Elements. Although little is known about Euclid the man, he taught in a school that he founded in Alexandria, Egypt , around b. For his major study, Elements, Euclid collected the work of many mathematicians who preceded him. Euclid's vital contribution was to gather, compile, organize, and rework the mathematical concepts of his predecessors into a consistent whole, later to become known as Euclidean geometry. In Euclid's method, deductions are made from premises or axioms.